Aim: Stakeholders have an important role in both prevention and management of work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs). However, the scope of practice is unclear regarding the methods and levels of stakeholder engagement (SE) in management of WRMSDs. The aim of this review is to map the literature regarding various methods and levels of SE and how it is best implemented when managing WRMSDs. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted in several major databases using key search phrases. Various methods and levels of SE in management of WRMSDs were extracted. Comprehensiveness and repeatability of the SE methods were evaluated. The final results on SE in WRMSDs were presented as per the Guidance for Reporting Involvement of Patients and Public (GRIPP-2) guidelines. Results: A total of 32 studies reported various methods and levels of SE in management of WRMSDs. Two distinct areas, namely prevention (n=14) and primary management of WRMSDs (n=18) were reported. Overall, 17 unique methods of SE in management of WRMSDs were presented. A total of 30 studies gave sufficient information for either full (n=9) or partial (=21) replication of methods of SE. Only a few studies (n=6) involved higher levels of SE in management of WRMSDs. Conclusion: A clear mapping of SE in management of WRMSDs was presented for effective involvement of stakeholders in WRMSDs polices and care plan. SE approaches in WRMSDs management should move forward from a tokenistic approach of engaging stakeholders and it should involve them in a more lead roles in the future.
|Journal||Journal of Public Health|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Jan 2022|
Bibliographical noteThis work is an outcome of the SMART Drive International Researach Network which looks into Musculoskeletal health and well being. As clear evidence and comprehensive review is lacking to understand the various invovlements and roles of stakeholders in the managment of musculoskeletal health disorders, the current review was conducted in an attempt to explore how stakeholders can be involved in the management of musculoskeletal disorders. The various models and levels of engagement presented in this work enables the SMART network team and other international researchers to design research projects involving stakeholders in the management of musculoskeletal disorders.
Based on the models and levels of engagement highlighted in this project, currently the SMART Drive network team is engaging with stakeholders in the Norther Thailand in the management of musculoskeletal pain among poultry workers/industries in the Chiang Mai region, Norther Thailand, Thailand. Also, preliminary project ideas to invite and involve stakeholders in the work place health and well being has been undergoing together with the network members from Uganda, Zambia and India currently.
- Public health
- Stakeholder engagement
- Public patient participation
- Musculoskeletal pain
- Research engagement
- Musculoskeletal disorders
- Public-patient participation